Frequently Asked Questions About Canada’s Express Entry Program

Frequently Asked Questions About Canada’s Express Entry Program

Navigating the complexities of immigration can be a challenging task, especially when it comes to Canada’s Express Entry program. This system, designed to fast-track skilled workers’ immigration, has become a popular route for those seeking to make Canada their new home. But with its intricate requirements and processes, many potential applicants find themselves awash in a sea of questions. In this blog post, we’ll highlight some of the most frequently asked questions about Canada’s Express Entry program, providing clear, concise answers to help you understand the process better.

#1. What is the Express Entry Program?

The Express Entry program is an innovative online system that the Canadian government uses to manage applications for permanent residence from skilled workers. It’s designed to be a fast and efficient way of processing applications, replacing the old paper-based system. The system works by having applicants create an online profile where they provide information such as their skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other personal details. This data is then used to calculate a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score for each applicant. Those with the highest scores are invited to apply for permanent residency, hence facilitating a streamlined immigration process.

#2. Who is Eligible to Apply for the Express Entry Program?

The Express Entry program is open to those who meet the criteria of one of the three federal economic immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, or Canadian Experience Class. Each program has its unique requirements that candidates must fulfill. These can range from specific work experience and education levels to language proficiency in English or French. Besides, applicants must also show proof of financial stability to ensure they can support themselves and their dependents upon moving to Canada.

While these are general guidelines, each case is evaluated individually, and factors such as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score play a significant role in the selection process. The CRS score is based on various aspects like age, education, language proficiency, and Canadian work experience.

To get a detailed understanding of the eligibility requirements and assess your own eligibility, you can visit the Government of Canada’s website. They provide an easy-to-read table that succinctly lists all the eligibility criteria for the Express Entry system.

#3. How Does the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Work?

The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is a point-based system used in the Express Entry immigration process. It’s designed to assess and score an applicant’s profile based on several factors such as age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and other elements. The CRS score determines an applicant’s rank within the Express Entry pool. Every couple of weeks, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) conducts draws from the pool and invites individuals with the highest scores to apply for permanent residence. It’s important to note that being eligible to enter the pool doesn’t guarantee an invitation to apply; the CRS score plays a significant role in this regard.

#4. What are the Different Express Entry Programs?

The Express Entry program encompasses three different immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

The FSWP is designed for individuals who have certain skills and experience that are in demand in Canada. The FSTP, on the other hand, is specifically for skilled tradespeople with experience in certain industries such as construction, electrical, and manufacturing, among others.

The CEC is a program for individuals who already have skilled work experience in Canada and wish to become permanent residents. Each of these programs has its own set of requirements, and applicants must meet these to be considered under the respective program.

#5. How Long Does the Express Entry Process Take?

The duration of the Express Entry process can vary based on several factors, including the accuracy of the information provided, the promptness in responding to requests from Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC), and the overall volume of applications. However, one of the main advantages of the Express Entry program is its efficiency. The Canadian government aims to process most complete applications within six months from the date of submission, making it a relatively quick route to permanent residency compared to traditional immigration methods.

#6. What Documents are Needed for an Express Entry Application?

For the Express Entry application, several documents are required. These include but are not limited to: passport or travel documents, language test results (IELTS, CELPIP, TEF, or TCF), Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report if you’re applying through the Federal Skilled Workers program, or you want to get points for the education you got outside Canada, provincial nomination (if you have one), written job offer from an employer in Canada (if you have one), and police certificates.

Applicants also need to provide proof of funds to show they can support themselves and their family when they arrive in Canada. The required amount varies depending on the size of the family. It’s important to note that all these documents must be accurately prepared and correctly submitted to avoid any delays or complications in the application process.

#7. Is a Job Offer Required for Express Entry?

A job offer is not a mandatory requirement for the Express Entry program. However, having a valid job offer from a Canadian employer can significantly increase your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score, improving your chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. The job offer must be for a full-time and permanent position, and it should meet certain conditions to be considered valid. Despite this, many individuals without a job offer have successfully obtained permanent residency through the Express Entry program, thanks to other strong factors in their profile, such as education, work experience, and language proficiency.

#8. Can I Update My Express Entry Profile After Submission?

Yes, you can update your Express Entry profile after submission. In fact, it’s crucial to keep your profile up-to-date. Changes in your circumstances, such as gaining additional work experience, improving your language skills, or adding a new educational credential, can increase your CRS score. You can also update your personal information if there are changes, like marital status or the birth of a child. However, once you receive an ITA, you cannot update your profile. Instead, you’ll have the opportunity to provide updated information as part of your permanent residence application.

#9. How Can I Improve My CRS Score?

Improving your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score can significantly enhance your chances of securing an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. There are several ways to boost your score. One of the most effective ways is enhancing your language skills, as language proficiency contributes a substantial portion of the total CRS score. Acquiring more work experience, especially skilled work experience in Canada, can also raise your score.

Higher education can contribute to a higher CRS score as well, so obtaining additional qualifications or having your existing credentials assessed could prove beneficial. Additionally, securing a valid job offer from a Canadian employer or a nomination from a Canadian province or territory can lead to a significant increase in the CRS score.

#10. What Happens After Receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA)?

After receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA), you have 60 days to submit a complete application for permanent residence. This application must include all necessary supporting documents. The list of required documents will be provided to you at this stage and may include police certificates, medical exam confirmations, proof of funds, work experience letters, and more.

Once the complete application is submitted, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) aims to process most applications within six months. During this time, you may need to provide additional documents or information. If your application is approved, you’ll receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and a permanent resident visa (if you’re from a country that requires a visa to enter Canada).

#11. What if My Express Entry Application is Denied?

If your Express Entry application is denied, it can be disappointing, but it’s not the end of the road. The first step is to understand the reason for refusal, which will be provided in the decision letter from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The most common reasons for denial include insufficient proof of work experience, discrepancies in the application, or failure to show adequate settlement funds. Once you’ve identified the issue, you can address it and reapply. It’s also worth considering other immigration pathways that may be available to you. Consulting with an immigration professional can provide valuable guidance.

#12. Can Family Members be Included in My Express Entry Application?

Yes, family members can be included in your Express Entry application. This includes your spouse or common-law partner, as well as dependent children. When you create your Express Entry profile, you’ll need to provide information about these family members, even if they’re not coming to Canada with you. Remember, any family members who are included in your application must also meet the requirements of the immigration law, such as passing a medical exam and obtaining security clearance. Including family members in your application can also affect your proof of funds requirement, as you’ll need to show that you have enough money to support all the family members you’re bringing.

#13. How Does Express Entry Compare to the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)?

Express Entry and the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) are two distinct pathways for immigration to Canada, each with its unique features. Express Entry is a federal system that ranks candidates based on their Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score, which takes into account factors such as age, education, language proficiency, and work experience. It’s a competitive system where higher-ranking candidates are more likely to receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence.

On the other hand, the PNP allows Canadian provinces and territories to nominate individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada and settle in a specific province or territory. Each province has its own set of criteria for its PNP, which might include having a job offer in the province, having a connection to the province, or possessing skills that are in demand in the province.

While both programs can lead to permanent residence, the key difference lies in the level of specificity regarding where in Canada the immigrant will reside. Express Entry doesn’t tie immigrants to a specific province, while PNP does.

#14. What Happens if I Decline an Invitation to Apply (ITA)?

If you receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) through the Express Entry program but decide to decline it, your profile will go back into the pool of candidates. You will not be penalized or removed from the pool for declining an ITA. However, it’s important to understand that receiving another ITA in subsequent draws is not guaranteed.

Your profile will stay in the pool for one year from the day you submitted it as long as you still meet the criteria for at least one of the Express Entry programs. If you do not receive another ITA during this period, your profile will expire, and you will need to create a new one.

Declining an ITA should be a carefully considered decision. Ensure you weigh up all your options and perhaps seek advice from an expert before making such a choice.


In conclusion, navigating the Express Entry program can be complex, but with the right guidance and understanding, it becomes a manageable process. Whether you’re just starting your journey or need help optimizing your profile, Tkachuk Immigration is here to assist. Our team of experts has extensive experience and knowledge in immigration matters, ensuring you’re well-equipped to navigate the intricacies of the Express Entry program. Don’t leave your future to chance; contact Tkachuk Immigration today for the personalized support and professional advice you need to make your Canadian dream a reality.


Don’t wait! Contact us for a phone consultation. Let us help you figure out your next steps. The sooner you have a plan of action, the better your chances of taking the correct steps to get the results you want.